Nuevo Arduino Robot en stock.

El Arduino Robot es la primera Arduino oficial sobre ruedas. El robot tiene dos procesadores, uno en cada uno de sus dos tableros. El motor board controla los motores y el Control Board lee sensores y decide cómo operar. Cada una de las tablas es una placa Arduino completa programable utilizando el IDE Arduino.

Tanto el motor y tableros de control son placas de microcontroladores basados ​​en el ATMEGA32U4 (hoja de datos). El robot tiene muchos de sus pines asignados a los sensores de a bordo y actuadores.

La programación del robot es similar al proceso con el Arduino Leonardo. Ambos procesadores han incorporado en comunicación USB, eliminando la necesidad de un procesador secundario. Esto permite que el robot que aparezca como un ordenador conectado como un puerto serie/COM virtual (CDC).

Ya esta disponible para que hacer tus pedido en nuestra tienda en línea.

Como siempre con Arduino, todos los elementos de la plataforma – hardware, software y documentación – es de libre acceso y de código abierto. Esto significa que usted puede aprender exactamente cómo se hace y utilizar su diseño como punto de partida para sus propios robots. El Arduino Robot es el resultado del esfuerzo colectivo de un equipo internacional que mira cómo la ciencia puede ser divertida de aprender. Arduino está ahora sobre ruedas y viene paseo con nosotros!

vía Arduino – Robot.

Control Board Summary

Microcontroller ATmega32u4
Operating Voltage 5V
Input Voltage 5V through flat cable
Digital I/O Pins 5
PWM Channels 6
Analog Input Channels 4 (of the Digital I/O pins)
Analog Input Channels (multiplexed) 8
DC Current per I/O Pin 40 mA
Flash Memory 32 KB (ATmega32u4) of which 4 KB used by bootloader
SRAM 2.5 KB (ATmega32u4)
EEPROM (internal) 1 KB (ATmega32u4)
EEPROM (external) 512 Kbit (I2C)
Clock Speed 16 MHz
Keypad 5 keys
Knob potentiomenter attached to analog pin
Full color LCD over SPI communication
SD card reader for FAT16 formatted cards
Speaker 8 Ohm
Digital Compass provides deviation from the geographical north in degrees
I2C soldering ports 3
Prototyping areas 4

Motor Board Summary

Microcontroller ATmega32u4
Operating Voltage 5V
Input Voltage 9V to battery charger
AA battery slot 4 alkaline or NiMh rechargeable batteries
Digital I/O Pins 4
PWM Channels 1
Analog Input Channles 4 (same as the Digital I/O pins)
DC Current per I/O Pin 40 mA
DC-DC converter generates 5V to power up the whole robot
Flash Memory 32 KB (ATmega32u4) of which 4 KB used by bootloader
SRAM 2.5 KB (ATmega32u4)
EEPROM 1 KB (ATmega32u4)
Clock Speed 16 MHz
Trimmer for movement calibration
IR line following sensors 5
I2C soldering ports 1
Prototyping areas 2

Schematic & Reference Design

EAGLE files for control and motor boards: arduino-robot-reference-design.zip

Power

The Arduino Robot can be powered via the USB connection or with 4 AA batteries. The power source is selected automatically.

The battery holder holds 4 rechargeable NiMh AA batteries.

NB : Do not use non-rechargeable batteries with the robot

For safety purposes, the motors are disabled when the robot is powered from the USB connection.

The robot has an on-board battery charger that requires 9V external power coming from an AC-to-DC adapter (wall-wart). The adapter can be connected by plugging a 2.1mm center-positive plug into the Motor Board’s power jack. The charger will not operate if powered by USB.

The Control Board is powered by the power supply on the Motor Board.

Memory

The ATmega32u4 has 32 KB (with 4 KB used for the bootloader). It also has 2.5 KB of SRAM and 1 KB of EEPROM (which can be read and written with the EEPROM library).

The Control Board has an extra 512 Kbit EEPROM that can be accessed via I2C.

There is an external SD card reader attached to the GTFT screen that can be accessed by the Control Board’s processor for additional storage.

Input and Output

The Robot comes with a series of pre-soldered connectors. There are a number of additional spots for you to install additional parts if needed.

All the connectors are labelled on the boards and mapped to named ports through the Robot library allowing access to standard Arduino functions. Each pin can provide or receive a maximum of 40mA at 5V.

Some pins have specialized functions :

  • Control Board TK0 to TK7: these pins are multiplexed to a single analog pin on theControl Board’s microprocessor. They can be used as analog inputs for sensors like distance sensors, analog ultrasound sensors, or mechanical switches to detect collisions.
  • Control Board TKD0 to TKD5: these are digital I/O pins directly connected to the processor, addressed usingRobot.digitalRead() and Robot.digitalWrite) functions. Pins TKD0 to TKD3 can also be used as analog inputs withRobot.analogRead()
    Note: if you have one of the first generation robots, you will see that the TKD* pins are named TDK* on the Robot’s silkscreen. TKD* is the proper name for them and is how we address them on the software.
  • Serial Communication: The boards communicate with each other using the processors’ serial port. A 10-pin connector connects both boards carries the serial communication, as well as power and additional information like the battery’s current charge.
  • Control Board SPI: SPI is used to control the GTFT and SD card. If you want to flash the processor using an external programmer, you need to disconnect the screen first
  • Control Board LEDs: the Control Board has three on-board LEDs. One indicates the board is powered (PWR). The other two indicate communication over the USB port (LED1/RX and TX). LED1 is also accessible via software.
  • Both boards have I2C connectors available: 3 on the Control Board and 1 on the Motor Board.

Communication

The Robot has a number of facilities for communicating with a computer, another Arduino, or other microcontrollers. TheATmega32U4 provides UART TTL (5V) serial communication, which is available on digital the 10-pin board-to-board connector. The 32U4 also allows for serial (CDC) communication over USB and appears as a virtual com port to software on the computer. The chip also acts as a full speed USB 2.0 device, using standard USB COM drivers. On Windows, a .inf file is required. The Arduino software includes a serial monitor which allows simple textual data to be sent to and from the Robot board. The RX (LED1) and TX LEDs on the board will flash when data is being transmitted via the USB connection to the computer (but not for serial communication between boards).

Each one of the boards has a separate USB product identifier and will show up as different ports on you IDE. Make sure you choose the right one when programming.

The ATmega32U4 also supports I2C (TWI) and SPI communication. The Arduino software includes a Wire library to simplify use of the I2C bus; see the documentation for details. For SPI communication, use the SPI library.

Programming

The Robot can be programmed with the Arduino software (download). Select “Arduino Robot Control Board” or “Arduino Robot Motor Board” from the Tools > Board menu. For details, see the getting started page and tutorials.

The ATmega32U4 processors on the Arduino Robot come preburned with a bootloader that allows you to upload new code to it without the use of an external hardware programmer. It communicates using the AVR109 protocol.

You can bypass the bootloader and program the microcontroller through the ICSP (In-Circuit Serial Programming) header; see these instructions for details.

Automatic (Software) Reset and Bootloader Initiation

Rather than requiring a physical press of the reset button before an upload, the Robot is designed in a way that allows it to be reset by software running on a connected computer. The reset is triggered when the Robot’s virtual (CDC) serial / COM port is opened at 1200 baud and then closed. When this happens, the processor will reset, breaking the USB connection to the computer (meaning that the virtual serial / COM port will disappear). After the processor resets, the bootloader starts, remaining active for about 8 seconds. The bootloader can also be initiated by double-pressing the reset button on the Robot. Note that when the board first powers up, it will jump straight to the user sketch, if present, rather than initiating the bootloader.

Because of the way the Robot handles reset it’s best to let the Arduino software try to initiate the reset before uploading, especially if you are in the habit of pressing the reset button before uploading on other boards. If the software can’t reset the board you can always start the bootloader by double-pressing the reset button on the board. A single press on the reset will restart the user sketch, a double press will initiate the bootloader.

USB Overcurrent Protection

Both of the Robot boards have a resettable polyfuse that protects your computer’s USB ports from shorts and overcurrent. Although most computers provide their own internal protection, the fuse provides an extra layer of protection. If more than 500 mA is applied to the USB port, the fuse will automatically break the connection until the short or overload is removed.

Physical Characteristics

The Robot is 19cm in diameter. Including wheels, GTFT screen and other connectors it can be up to 10cm tall.

To Learn More

See also: getting started with the Arduino Robot and the Robot’s library pages.

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Eres humano? pon el resultado * Time limit is exhausted. Please reload CAPTCHA.